Foire Aux Questions


Français

Isoloir est un espace couvert aménagé à l’intérieur d’un bureau de vote et à intérieure duquel l’électeur choisi en toute discrétion le bulletin de vote de son candidat et le met dans l’enveloppe.

Français

La société civile est ensemble d’associations et d’organisations non gouvernementales politiques et à but non lucratif, qui œuvrent dans des secteurs sociaux bien déterminés. Elle est l’un des meilleurs moyens de sensibilisation en matière électorale.

Français

L’acteur électoral est toute personne physique ou morale qui d’une manière quelconque interfère dans le processus électoral.

Français

L’observateur est une personne indépendante généralement issue de la société civile ou d’une institution internationale déployée sur le terrain pour apprécier la condition de déroulement d’un scrutin.

Français

Un candidat est une personne qui manifeste son intérêt à occuper une fonction élective.

Français

La campagne électorale est la période pré-électorale légalement définie pendant laquelle les candidats à une élection font leur propagande électorale.

Français

L’électeur est une personne inscrite sur une liste électorale et qui peut prendre part au vote.

Français

Le droit au vote est la capacité juridique reconnue à un citoyen pour pouvoir voter.

Français

Le vote est l’acte par lequel les citoyens d’un pays, régulièrement inscrit sur une liste électorale, choisissent leurs dirigeants ou leurs représentants

Anglais

Yes, once counting is over, the results obtained in each polling station is proclaimed.

Anglais

Not all. The result of counting does not take into ac-count: any ballot paper bearing any signs, marks or signature by which the elector may be identified; ballot papers in envelopes bearing signs of a similar nature or in envelopes other than those officially made available to electors; any ballot paper other than officially printed ballot papers. Ballot papers found in the ballot box without any envelope and envelopes found empty are likewise regarded as invalid and mentioned in the report. The counting sheets are then attached to the report.

Anglais

The vote counting procedure is conducted as follows: the ballot box is opened and the number of envelopes contained therein checked; one of the scrutinisers takes the ballot paper out of each envelope, unfolds it and hands it to another scrutinizers who reads it aloud; the name of the candidate or list of candidates, or the choice “Yes” or “No” in case of referendum, appearing on the ballot paper is recorded by two scrutiniser’s on specially prepared counting sheets. Where an envelope contains several ballot paper, such ballot papers are invalid if they are different; they are counted as one

Anglais

The vote counting procedure is carried out by members of the Local Polling Commission, assisted by appointed scrutinisers. The names of the appointed scrutiniser’s are mentioned in the report of each Local Polling Commission.

Anglais

The opening of the ballot box and envelopes and the counting of votes is carried out in the presence of the Head of the Council Branch of Elections Cameroon, or their representative and members of the Local Polling Commission.

Anglais

Where public peace so warrants, the Chairperson of the Local Polling Commission may seal the ballot box, under the supervision of members of the Local Polling Commission and the forces of law and order. The Chairperson may thereupon, accompanied by the members of the Commission, take the ballot box to the Council Branch of Elections Cameroon.

Anglais

Why not? Vote counting and tallying takes place in each polling station immediately after the actual end of voting, in the presence of voters who so desire, provided the hall can contain them without obstructing the counting operation.

Anglais

Well, not really. No elector who arrives after the close of polls may be allowed to vote. However, any elector who, at the time of closing the polls is within the premises of the polling station or who has been waiting to enter the polling station may be allowed to vote. The report of the Commission must then mention the time when voting actually ended.

Anglais

Once the time set for the close of the poll is up, the Chairperson of the Local Polling Commission declares the close of the poll.

Anglais

Not at all. Whoever through gifts, generosity, favours, promise of public or private employment or any other specific benefits offered with the purpose of influencing the vote of one or several electors, obtains their vote, either directly or through a third party; whoever, directly or through a third party, accepts or requests from candidates the abovementioned gifts, generosity, favours or benefits, is liable to punishment as laid down in Section 123 of the Penal Code.

Anglais

No. In any case, the perpetrator of such disorder should know that: whoever through menacing gatherings, clamours or demonstrations, disrupts election operations or infringes the exercise of the right or freedom to vote; whoever, on polling day, is found guilty of insult or violence against the local polling commission or any of its members, or through assault or threats, delays or obstructs election operations; whoever through assault, violence or threats against an elector, either by making him fear to lose his job or expose himself, family or fortune to danger, influences his vote, is liable to the punishments laid down in Section 123-1 of the Penal Code.

Anglais

No, initialed copies of the electoral registers are kept by the Council Branch of Elections Cameroon. In case of dispute, they are forwarded to the Constitutional Council for consultation or to the competent administrative court, at its instance.

Anglais

No problem. Where the elector is unable to sign, the fact that such elector has voted is evidenced by affixing the elector’s fingerprint using indelible ink on the relevant column of the electoral register.

Anglais

The fact that an elector has voted is evidenced by affixing the elector’s signature and fingerprint using indelible ink on the relevant column of the electoral register.

Anglais

Don’t worry. Any elector suffering an infirmity or whose physical state makes them unable to carry out on their own, any of the voting operations, may be assisted by an elector of their choice. The elector chosen must be registered on the electoral register of the polling station concerned and must not be a candidate or representative of a candidate, list of candidates or political party. They may not assist more than one elector on polling day.

Anglais

After having been identified, every elector then
Singlehandedly takes an envelope and each of the ballot papers placed at their disposal, and
Compulsorily enters the polling booth where they make their choice. They then come out of the pooling booth and, after satisfying the Local Polling
Commission that they hold a single envelope only, place such envelope in the ballot box. The polling booth is set up in such manner as to ensure secrecy of the vote.

Anglais

Election is by secret ballot. Uniform and opaque envelopes are used in voting. In every polling station, the number of ballot papers of each candidate or list of candidates as well as envelopes must be more than the number of registered electors.

Anglais

Without doubt. The Local Polling Commission may allow any elector registered in the polling station whom, for one reason or the other, may be unable to produce their voter’s card. The Commission must, first of all, check the elector’s identity.

Anglais

On entering the polling station, the elector is expected to produce their voter’s card and also prove their identity by producing their National Identity Card.

Anglais

Sure, the Chairperson and members of the Local Polling Commission are allowed to vote in the polling station upon producing their voter’s card.

Anglais

Absolutely. Every candidate, list of candidates or political party may appoint 3 (three) representatives for each Subdivision who have free access to all polling stations of the Subdivision. Such agents may be expelled from a polling station only if they cause a breach of the peace. Such expulsion must be recorded in the report. The agents may make comments on the conduct of the poll to the Local Polling Commission. Such comments must be recorded in the report.

Anglais

Yes, any person who enters a polling station with a visible weapon can be punished with imprisonment of from 10 (ten) to 2 (two) months or with a fine of from CFAF 25 000 (twenty-five thousand) to 250 000 (two hundred and fifty thousand) or with both such imprisonment and fine. The imprisonment term may be extended to 4 (four) months, and the fine to CFAF 500 000 (five hundred thousand) if the weapon is hidden.

Anglais

You must know that any voter whose name is duly entered in the electoral register is entitled to vote. However, the right to vote may be suspended for whoever is remanded in custody or is detained after conviction by a criminal court.

Anglais

Before the first elector casts their vote, the Chairperson of the Local Polling Commission publicly opens the ballot box to ascertain that it is empty and has no opening, then locks it under the control of the other members of the polling station and, where applicable, in the presence of any other accredited person.

Anglais

Before the first elector casts their vote, the Chairperson of the Local Polling Commission publicly opens the ballot box to ascertain that it is empty and has no opening, then locks it under the control of the other members of the polling station and, where applicable, in the presence of any other accredited person.

Anglais

At the start of polling, the Chairperson of the Local Polling Commission takes note of the time of opening of the poll which they mention in the polling report.

Anglais

It comprises the Chairperson: the President of the High Court with territorial jurisdiction. Members: three representatives of the Administration, appointed by the Senior Divisional Officer; three representatives of Elections Cameroon, appointed by the Head of the Divisional Branch of Elections Cameroon; a representative of each candidate.

Anglais

It supervises operations for drawing up, keeping and revising electoral registers; examines all protests or claims relating to electoral registers or voter cards; supervises the distribution of voter cards; authorises any corrections it deems necessary after examining protests or claims against the decisions of the competent commissions relating to the electoral register or voter cards; centralises and checks Returning operations carried out by Local Polling Commissions and documents relating thereto. In case of a minor irregularity, it may request immediate regularisation by members of the Local Polling Commission.

Anglais

A Divisional Supervisory Commission is set up in each Division and is responsible for ensuring the smooth conduct of election preparations and election operations proper.

Anglais

The Local Polling Commission may rule on any difficulties relating to the organisation and conduct of the poll. In case of a tie, the Chairperson may have the casting vote. Where the decision of the Local Polling Commission is impugned either, by a Commissioner, an elector affected, a candidate, or an agent of a list or political party, mention of such decision, the reasons thereof and the dispute must be made in the report.

Anglais

They may order the expulsion from the polling station of any person who is not an elector registered under the polling station, with the exception of candidates, heads of administrative units within whose territorial jurisdiction the station is situated and their representatives. They may prohibit anyone from obstructing the polling station. They may requisition the forces of law and order to restore order in the polling station or to cause the station to be vacated.

Anglais

The Chairperson of the Local Polling Commission is alone responsible for maintaining law and order at the polling station.

Anglais

Where the Chairperson finds it absolutely impossible to form the Commission, they may open the polling station at the time fixed for the commencement of the poll. The Chairperson then mentions in their report the time when Commissioners were appointed and assumed duty.

Anglais

Can they resume their membership? No, representatives of candidates, lists of candidates or political parties who, for no valid reason, are not present at the time of commencement of polling and have been replaced by the Chairperson under the conditions specified above, cannot be allowed to sit on the Local Polling Commission.

Anglais

Where one or several representatives of candidates, lists of candidates or political parties is/are absent at the opening of the poll, the Chairperson of the Local Polling Commission must, by decision recorded in the report, fill up such vacancies in the Commission by appointing electors whose names feature in the electoral register of the polling station and who can read and write English or French.

Anglais

The Chairperson of the Local Polling Commission.
Every polling station has a Local Polling Commission comprising: Chairperson: a personality appointed by the Head of the Divisional Branch of Elections Cameroon. The member include: - a representative of the Administration, appointed by the Sub-divisional Officer; - a representative of each candidate, list of candidates or political party.

Anglais

Certainly, every polling station is furnished with the list of electors eligible to vote. One of such lists is used for electors to enter their signatures. Another list is posted up at the polling station.

Anglais

Yes, the list of polling stations is forwarded to Council Branches of Elections Cameroon for posting up at least 8 (eight) days before the day of election.

Anglais

No. Every polling station must be located in public premises or premises open to the public.

Anglais

A maximum of 500 (five hundred) electors.

Anglais

In a polling station. The Director General of Elections draws up the list of polling stations for every council. Such list specifies the area covered by each polling station.

Anglais

Voter cards are permanent.

Anglais

It’s quite simple. Voter cards are delivered to the legal holders upon the production of the National Identity Card of each holder or the receipt issued at registration.

Anglais

Don’t panic! Voter cards not delivered to their legal holders are left at the polling station where such holders are registered and remain at their disposal until the close of the poll.

Anglais

Where voter cards are renewed or new names are entered on the electoral registers, the cards are distributed within 40 (forty) days before the polling day.

Anglais

In every Council area, there is one or several commissions charged with supervising the issuance and distribution of voter cards. This commission is chaired by a representative of Elections Cameroon, appointed by the Head of the Divisional Branch of Elections Cameroon, and has as members, a representative of the Administration, appointed by the Sub-divisional Officer; the Mayor or a Deputy Mayor or a Municipal Councilor, appointed by the Mayor; a representative of each legally authorised political party, operating within the jurisdiction of the council concerned.

Anglais

Yes, every elector whose name is entered on the electoral register is issued a biometric voter card bearing their full name, date and place of birth, parentage, photograph, fingerprints, occupation, domicile or residence.

Anglais

Quite risky, because whoever registers on electoral registers using a false identity or who, during registration, conceals the fact he subject to the disqualifications laid down by law; - through false statements or certificates, registers himself unduly on an electoral register or who, through the same means, unduly registers or cancels the name of a citizen; - upon losing his right to vote, participates in the poll; - votes, either by virtue of a false registration, or by using the name and capacity of other registered voters; - votes several times, following multiple registrations; - is found guilty of fraudulent acts in the issuance or production of certificates of registration or striking off from the electoral registers; - uses personal data contained in the electoral register for purposes other than elections, can be punished as laid down by Section 122-1 of the Penal Code.

Anglais

They are examined by the commission charged with the revision of electoral registers within a period of 9 (nine) days, and no later than 6 (six) days before polling day. The decisions of the commission are notified forthwith to the parties concerned. The commission then enters the name of the elector in the electoral register and in the addendum, published no later than 4 (four) days before the polling day.

Anglais

Applications for entry on electoral registers outside the revision period must be supported by all relevant information and filed with the Council Branch of Elections Cameroon.

Anglais

Why not? The following persons may be entered on the electoral register outside revision periods, without any residence requirements and where such changes lead to a change of residence: Civil Servants and State employees who have been either transferred or placed on retirement after the closing date for registration, as well as any members of their families who are living with them on the date of such transfer or retirement; Servicemen who have been demobilised after the expiry of the time limit for registration. Private sector employees who have been either transferred or placed on retirement may also be enrolled.

Anglais

Where such petition is rejected, the concerned may file an appeal to the Court of Appeal with territorial jurisdiction over Elections Cameroon, which then gives a final ruling, free of charge and with no particular procedure, within 5 (five) days of the filing of the appeal.

Anglais

Any political party, elector, representative of a political party or candidate may petition the Electoral Board for any case in particular of omission, error or multiple entry of an elector on the national electoral register.

Anglais

During the period of revision, the following persons may be entered on the electoral register: citizens who meet the conditions laid down by law and those who whose names were previously omitted. Conversely, the following are deleted from the electoral register: - deceased persons; - persons ordered to be struck off the register by the competent judicial authority; - persons who no longer meet the conditions laid down by law; - persons found to have been wrongfully registered. Likewise, modifications are made to the electoral register following any change of residence or clerical errors noticed especially regarding the full name, parentage, date and place of birth of electors. It also provides an opportunity for any citizen whose name has been omitted from the electoral register to apply to be entered on the register.

Anglais

Electoral registers are permanent. They are revised every year throughout the national territory. The Director General of Elections Cameroon may, after obtaining the assent of the Electoral Board, order by decision, a thorough recompilation of the registers at the time of revision. However, annual revision or, where applicable, the recompilation of electoral registers is suspended from the date of convening the electors. In case of recompilation (see glossary), the Director General of Elections may also extend this period by no more than 3 (three) months.

Anglais

No, nobody is allowed to enrol on more than one electoral register or several times on the same register. Where an elector has enrolled several times on the same register, only one enrolment will be retained. The other enrolments are automatically deleted, and only the last enrolment is taken into account, except decided otherwise by the elector.

Anglais

The electoral register contains your full name, date and place of birth, occupation, domicile or residence.

Anglais

No, a receipt is issued to every newly enrolled elector bearing the date, place and enrolment number. This receipt may only serve within the frame of petitions relating to voter registration operations. Under no circumstance can it replace the voter’s card.

Anglais

No, enrolment on an electoral register is a right. Any refusal to enrol an elector must be justified and notified to the concerned. Such refusal may be petitioned or challenged before the divisional supervisory commission or the Electoral Board, as the case may be.

Anglais

Of course, the work of the commission may be validly carried out by a single member, provided that all the other members are kept informed of such work prior to its completion. At the end of its proceedings, the voter register revision commission draws up a report, signed by the Chairperson and commissioners.

Anglais

No, the composition of each commission charged with the revision of electoral registers is approved by a decision of the Head of the Divisional Branch of Elections Cameroon.

Anglais

The commission charged with the revision of electoral registers is composed of a Chairperson, who is a representative of Elections Cameroon, appointed by the Head of the Divisional Branch of Elections Cameroon and members include: a representative of the Administration, appointed by the Sub-divisional Officer; the Mayor, or a Deputy Mayor or a Municipal Councilor, appointed by the Mayor; - a representative of each legally authorised political party operating within the jurisdiction of the council concerned.

Anglais

they are drawn up and kept at the level every council. An electoral register is equally drawn up for every polling station. In this regard, a commission charged with the revision of electoral registers is put in place at the level of every council. Where the area or size of the population of the council so warrants, the Director General of Elections may set up several electoral register revision commissions.

Anglais

They are drawn up by branches of Elections Cameroon, in conjunction with the competent joint commissions.

Anglais

 

At polling stations set up at the level of diplomatic representations and consular posts, on the proposal of Government. 

Anglais

They can enroll on electoral registers opened within diplomatic representations and consular posts in their countries of residence or attachment.

Anglais

It’s simple, Cameroonian citizens settled or residing abroad can exercise their right to vote through their participation in the election of the President of the Republic and in referendums. In this respect, they must enjoy their civic and political rights and fulfil all the required conditions to be an elector.

Anglais

No, since whoever has been convicted of a felony, even by default; has been sentenced to a term of imprisonment, without suspension, of more than 3 (three) months; has been sentenced to a term of imprisonment, accompanied by suspension of sentence or probation, of more than 6 (six) months; is the subject of a warrant arrest; is an un-discharged bankrupt who has been so adjudged either by a Cameroonian court or a foreign judgment enforceable in Cameroon; is insane or of unsound mind; cannot be entered on the electoral register. Also, whoever has been convicted of any offence against the security of the State, without being rehabilitated or granted amnesty, may not be entered on any electoral register for a period of 10 (ten) years. The said period runs from the day of release for persons sentenced to a term of imprisonment or from the day of payment of the fine, where applicable.

Anglais

Sure, for every citizen who proves that their name is on the income tax assessment list of a given constituency for the fifth consecutive year may likewise be entered on the electoral register of such constituency.  In your case, your request for registration must include an attestation of non-registration on an electoral register or deletion, issued by the ELECAM council branch of your usual place of residence or abode.

Anglais

Why not? Know that every member of the Armed Forces and person of equivalent status in any corps may be entered in the electoral register of the place where their unit or home port is established without taking into account the residence condition.

Anglais

Of course, you can because every Cameroonian citizen who does not satisfy the age or residence conditions at the time of revision of electoral registers may be entered in the electoral register, provided they satisfy such conditions before the final closure of the said register or, if need be, on polling day.

Anglais

Every Cameroonian citizen enjoying the right to vote who has their home or place of abode within a council area or has actually been resident therein for at least the last 6 (six) months.

Anglais

Every person of Cameroonian nationality of either sex, who has reached the age of 20 (twenty) years, is registered on an electoral register and is free from all cases of disqualification provided for by law.