Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Show all / Hide all

fold faq

which are the Cameroonian citizens concerned by the recompilation exercise abraod?

All cameroonian citizens settled or residing abroad, who satisfy the conditions prescribed by the law.

fold faq

where are the registrations centres located abroad?

Embassies

High Commissions

Consulates

fold faq

What is meant by vote?

 

The act by which citizens of a country, duly enrolled on an electoral register, choose their rulers or their representatives.

 

fold faq

What is the right to vote?

This is the legal competence authorising a citizen to cast his/her vote.

fold faq

Who is an elector?

Any person entered on an electoral register and who may take part in a voting process

fold faq

What are polls?

The series of election operations during an election.

fold faq

Who is a candidate?

Any person who so manifests his/her desire to occupy an elective function .

fold faq

Who is an election stakeholder?

Any individual or legal entity interfering in one way or the other in the electoral process

fold faq

What is meant by civil society?

All non-governmental, political and non-lucrative associations and organisations, active in well-defined social sectors. It constitutes one of the best means of raising awareness on the electoral process.

fold faq

What is an election campaign?

The legally defined pre-election period during which candidates for an election make public their election propaganda and canvass for votes.

fold faq

Who is an election officer?

Any person who takes part in polling operations at whatever level in the polling station.

fold faq

Who is an election observer?

An independent person generally drawn from civil society or an international institution deployed on the field to appraise the conditions under which an election is conducted.

 

fold faq

What is a polling booth?

A sheltered space arranged within a polling station and inside which the elector, in privacy, selects the ballot paper of his/her candidate and puts it in an envelope.

fold faq

Codification and the New Electoral Code ?

An electoral code is a compendium of legal instruments that govern the electoral processes of a given country.

Generally, a code has been defined as “a species of legislation which attempts to sum up existing laws on a particular topic” (Carlson Anyangwe, The Cameroon Judicial System, CEPER, Yaounde, 1987, p. 264).

The object of codification is to ensure that everyone may consult the law affecting him in least possible time, which is quite advantageous. Thus, the code should speak a language familiar to everyone and should be simple and clear. Once in a long while, the code should be revised to remove obsolete provisions.

Codification seems to be the most appropriate technique for carrying out law reform, particularly in a country like Cameroon where several legal systems are struggling to have their underlying concepts projected.

Drawing from the French Civil Code generally thought of as the earliest of contemporary style codes having come into force in 1804, large areas of our national life have already been codified. For example, we have the Tax Code, the Customs and Excise Code, the Highway Code, the Land Tenure Code, the Forestry Code, the Labour Code, the Penal Code, the Criminal Procedure Code and the now talk of the day, the Electoral Code.

The new Electoral Code, brings together in a single and coherent instrument (according to the Explanatory Statement of the Bill), the regulations governing all elections provided for by the Constitution: election of the President of the Republic, Members of Parliament, Senators, Regional and Municipal Councillors, in addition to the Referendum. It also includes special provisions governing voting by Cameroonian citizens settled or residing abroad, as well as the applicable provisions governing the public funding of political parties and election and referendum campaigns.

What is more, all these provisions have been drafted in a manner that integrates Elections Cameroon (ELECAM) within a legal and institutional framework, thus confirming its pivotal role in our electoral system as an independent election management body.

All these enriching electoral provisions did not exist in the old Electoral Code which was merely a collection of a series of texts that covered only three elections: Presidential, legislative and municipal elections, with each of the texts dwelling solely on a particular election. Here, one could see common or general provisions reproduced, in each of the laws, while particular provisions were so divergent in their nature that even legal experts often wrongly cited or misinterpreted them from one election to the other.

Most of these shortcomings have been properly tackled by the new Code, since general provisions on biometric voter registration and voters’ cards (Section 84(1)) or the calling of elections (90 days before polling, Section 86(2)) or the distribution of voters’ cards (40 days before polling, Section 84 (3)) or the drawing up of polling stations (a maximum of 500 electors per polling station, Section 96 (3)) now apply to all elections, following the promulgation of the adopted bill into law by the President of the Republic. (Law No. 2012/001 of 19 April 2012 relating to the Electoral Code).

Particular aspects of the electoral process, such as the amount of deposit for each election, have been rendered more feasible and less cumbersome by the new Code (30.000.000 frs for the Presidential election, 3.000.000 frs for the Legislative election and 50.000 frs for the Municipal election, respectively Sections 124(1), 166(1) and 183 of the Code).

The above advantages notwithstanding, codification has its demerits. First, codification is necessarily incomplete and cannot provide for all future cases. A code states only the broad principles and what it gains by way of economy of wording, it loses in detail. This is where case law is necessary to fill the gap.

Secondly, a code is less malleable and may not be all that easy to alter, especially if the code is not a small one.

Thirdly, a code, in order to approach completeness, would have to consist of rules so minute and numerous that no man can learn or retain.

Fourthly, a code may not adjust to the customs and experiences of the community and may thereby destroy continuity in legal development.

However, the advantages of codification outweigh, far reachingly, the disadvantages. The option for codification is therefore a great achievement for Cameroon. The new Electoral Code is thus a major leap-forward that will go a long way to enhance legal development in the domain of election management in Cameroon.

Other Innovations of the New Electoral Code

A)  Attributions of the Electoral Board and the Directorate General of Elections

As concerns Elections Cameroon, the attributions of the Electoral Board and those of the Directorate General of Elections have been reviewed in a bid to render collaboration between the two structures more harmonious, with a view to enhancing the smooth functioning of Elections Cameroon in the organization, management and supervision of elections and referendum operations.

For example, Section 9 of the Code provides that:

“Elections Cameroon shall be under the authority of the Electoral Board. The Electoral Board shall ensure the smooth functioning of Elections Cameroon”.

It is for this reason that Section 26(1) provides, inter alia, that “the Director General of Elections shall be responsible under the authority of the Electoral Board, for all election and referendum operations…”.

The Electoral Board continues to determine the organization and conditions of functioning of ELECAM Branches, but unlike the repealed ELECAM Law, the new Code states that the Electoral Board shall exercise this prerogative “on the proposal of the Director General of Elections” (Section 11(1) and Section 30(2)).

This same procedure applies in the determination of the conditions for the organization and functioning of Support Bodies of the Directorate General of Elections. (Section 28(2)).

Unlike in the ELECAM Law where the Director General of Elections submitted a progress report of his activities to the Electoral Board at least once every six (6) months, Section 26(3) of the Electoral Code provides that:

“He shall report on his activities to the Electoral Board at least once every three (3) months and as often as may be necessary in an election period”.

The Director General of Elections continues to be responsible for the administration of ELECAM, but this time “under the authority of the Electoral Board” (Section 27 (1)). He also continues to appoint Officials of his Support Bodies, but this time around, “upon the approval of the Electoral Board”. (Section 28 (3)).

Unlike before, when Officers of ELECAM Branches were appointed by the Director General of Elections “upon the approval of the Electoral Board”, under the new Code, Officers of the Regional Branches shall be appointed by “the Electoral Board on the recommendation of the Director General of Elections”, while Officials of the Divisional and Council Branches shall be appointed by “the Director General of Elections upon the approval of the Electoral Board” (Section 30(3) and (4)).

Concerning financial management, the Director General of Elections continues to be the sole “authorizing Officer of the budget of Elections Cameroon and of the elections budget”. (Section 32 (2)).

A major innovation, however, is that “the Electoral Board shall have a special appropriation set out in the Finance Law, to be used to pay the staff referred to in Section 41” (See Section 34(1)). Such expenditure includes monthly remuneration, session allowances and expenditures incurred by Members of the Electoral Board in respect of such meetings, allowances and mission allowances.

The decision certifying the composition of Joint Electoral Commissions has witnessed major innovations under the new Code:

-      for the National Commission for the Final Counting of Votes, the prerogative is still that of the Electoral Board (Section 68(2));

-      for the Council Supervisory Commission, the prerogative is still that of the Director General of Elections (Section 191 (2));

-      for the Divisional Supervisory Commission, the attribution has now gone to the Regional Delegate of ELECAM (Section 64(2));

-      for the Revision Commission, the Commission for Supervising the Issuance and Distribution of Voters’ Cards, and the Local Polling Commissions, the attribution is now that of the Divisional Branch Head of ELECAM (Sections 52(6), 53(2) and 54(3) respectively). 

B)  Voter Registration 

1)   Annual Revision of Electoral Registers

Revision is the rule while recompilation is the exception.

Electoral registers shall be permanent. They shall be revised every year throughout the national territory. The annual revision of the electoral registers shall commence on 1 January and end on 31 August of every year. (Section 74).

The Director General of Elections may, after obtaining the assent of the Electoral Board, order by decision, a thorough recompilation of the registers at the time of annual revision. He may extend such period by no more than three (3) months. Annual revision or, where applicable, the recompilation of electoral registers shall be suspended from the date of convening the electors. (Section 75)

In case of recompilation, entirely new electoral registers shall be drawn up. (Section 76(1))

Operations to enter electors, expunge names of electors and make adjustments on the electoral register shall be carried out on the registers and forms provided for that purpose by Elections Cameroon. Such electoral registers shall be kept and preserved at Council Branches of ELECAM. They may be consulted by any person who so desires. (Section 77)

The Chairperson of the Revision Commission (which is charged with the revision or recompilation of electoral registers) shall forward the report of its proceedings to the Divisional Branch of ELECAM, no later than 5 September. All documents relating to such operations shall be appended to such report.

After keying in, carrying out technical checks and drawing up the provisional electoral register of the Division, the Head of the Divisional Branch of ELECAM shall forward the corresponding electoral registers to the Council Branches concerned for posting up no later than 20 October.

Once the provisional electoral registers are published, any political party or elector may refer any irregularities or omissions noted, to the Revision Commission or, where necessary, the Divisional Supervisory Commission (Section 78).

The Revision Commission shall forward a report on any corrections made on the provisional registers to the Divisional Branch of ELECAM, no later than 10 November.

Following the drawing up of the revised electoral register for the Division, the Divisional Branch of ELECAM shall forward the said register to the Director General of Elections, through the Regional Delegate, no later than 10 December (Section 79).

At the end of the revision exercise, and based on the documents and data provided by the Regional Delegations of ELECAM, the Director General of Elections shall draw up and publish the national electoral register, no later than 30 December (Section 80).

The Director General of Elections shall be responsible for keeping the national electoral register.

Any political party, elector or representative of a political party or candidate may petition the Electoral Board for any case in particular of omission, error or multiple entry of an elector on the national electoral register.

Where the petition is rejected, the person concerned may file an appeal to the Court of Appeal with territorial jurisdiction over ELECAM, which shall give a final ruling, free of charge and with no particular procedure, within five (5) days of the filing of the appeal. (Section 81).

2)   Drawing up of Electoral Registers

Electoral registers shall be drawn up and kept in every Council Branch of ELECAM. An electoral register shall also be drawn up for each polling station.

Electoral registers shall be drawn up in alphabetical order. Every newly registered elector shall be issued a receipt bearing the date, place and registration number. Such receipt shall be used only for lodging complaints relating to voter registration operations and may not, for any reason whatsoever, be used in place of the voter card.

The electoral register shall contain the full name, date and place of birth, occupation, residence or place of abode of every elector. (Section 70)

Entry on the electoral register shall be a right. It shall be carried out by the ELECAM Branches, in collaboration with the relevant Joint Electoral Commissions. (Section 71)

The electoral register shall bear the names of all duly registered electors. Such registration shall not be carried out automatically. It shall be done only at the express request of the elector who shall first adduce evidence that his/her name does not appear on any other electoral register. (Section 72)

No person may have his/her name entered on more than one electoral register or several times on the same register.

Where an elector is registered several times on the same register, only one registration shall be valid. Such elector shall be automatically struck off the other registers.

Where an elector is registered on several times on the same register, only the last registration shall be valid, save otherwise requested by the elector. They shall be automatically struck off the other registers.

Any refusal to register an elector must be justified and notified to the elector concerned. Such refusal may be disputed or challenged before the Divisional Supervisory Commission or the Electoral Board as the case may be. (Section 73)

3)   Electoral Qualifications and Disqualifications

Every person of Cameroonian nationality of either sex, who has reached the age of twenty (20) years, is registered on an electoral register and is free from all cases of disqualification provided for by law, shall be entitled to be an elector. (Section 45)

The conditions that qualify every Cameroonian citizen to be registered in the electoral register are clearly stated in Sections 45 and 46 of the Electoral Code. The conditions that disqualify him/her from becoming an elector are provided for in Section 47 of the Code.

4)   Commissions charged with the Revision of Electoral Registers

Electoral registers shall be drawn up by ELECAM Branches, in conjunction with the competent Joint Electoral Commissions. (Section 51)

In every Council, there shall be a Revision Commission. Where the area or size of the population of the Council so warrants, the Director General of Elections may set up several Revision Commissions.

The Revision Commission shall comprise:

Chairman:  a representative of ELECAM, appointed by the Divisional Branch Head of ELECAM;

Members:

-      a representative of the Administration, appointed by the Sub-Divisional Officer;

-      the Mayor, or a Deputy Mayor or a Municipal Councillor, appointed by the Mayor;

-      a representative of each legalized political party operating within the territorial jurisdiction of the Council concerned. (For details, see Section 52)

The composition of the Revision Commission shall be approved by a decision of the Head of the Divisional Branch of ELECAM.

The duties of member of the Revision Commission shall be honorary.

The work of the Commission may be validly carried out by a single member provided that all the other members are kept informed of such work prior to its completion.

At the end of its proceedings, the Revision Commission shall draw up a report, signed by the President and Members of the Commission. (Section 52)

5)   Biometrics

Every elector whose name has been entered on an electoral register shall be issued a biometric voter card which shall bear his/her full name, date and place of birth, parentage, photograph, finger prints, occupation, domicile or residence. (Section 84 (1))

6)   Voter Cards

Voter cards shall be permanent. Where they are renewed or new names are entered on the electoral register, the cards shall be distributed within a period of forty (40) days before polling day. (Section 84)

Voter cards are issued by the Director General of Elections (Section 26(1), 5th bullet point).

The distribution of voter cards shall be carried out by the Commissions charged with Supervising the Issuance and Distribution of Voter Cards. (Section 85(1))

The composition of the Commission shall be approved by the decision of the Head of the Divisional Branch of ELECAM who, at least fifteen (15) days before the commencement of the distribution of voter cards, shall transform the Revision Commissions into the Commissions charged with Supervising the Issuance and Distribution of Voter Cards. (Section 53(3))

Voter cards not delivered to their legal holders shall be left at the polling station where such holders are registered and shall remain at their disposal until the close of the poll.

Such cards shall be delivered to the legal holders only upon the production of the identity card of each holder or the registration receipt.

In every polling station, at the close of the poll, the Commission shall count the unclaimed cards, stamp and place them in a sealed packet which it shall take to the Council Branch of ELECAM, with the election report specifying the number of such cards. (Section 85)

C)  Public Funding of Political Parties Election Campaigns, Electoral Commissions, Etc

Political parties shall receive public funding in order to carry out their missions such as that of helping the electorate in the making of voting decisions. Such public financing shall concern both the routine activities of political parties and election and referendum campaigns.

An instituted control commission would verify, on the basis of supporting documents, that the use of funds by political parties or candidates conforms to the electoral law. It shall be forbidden for any political party to receive subsidies or funding from foreign persons, organizations, powers and/or States.

Any candidate who withdraws before the polls or who does not participate effectively in the election campaign, shall be required to refund the totality of the amount received after the publication of the list of candidates for the Presidential election (Section 286(2)), or after the publication of the list of political parties authorized to take part in the referendum campaign (Section 287(2)).

The cost of paper, printing of ballot papers, envelopes and various election documents, as well as the cost of transportation or production of election materials or documents shall be defrayed under the elections budget. The functioning of electoral commissions shall be charged to the budget of Elections Cameroon and/or the elections budget. (Section 294).

All judicial deeds concerning elections shall be exempted from stamp and registration duties. Copies of birth certificates required for determining the age of electors and candidates shall be issued free of charge on an unstamped paper upon request. They shall mention, at the top of the page, the purpose for which they are issued and shall not be used for any other purpose. (Section 295).

D) Accreditation and Election Observation

Concerning the supervision of election and referendum operations, Elections Cameroon may collaborate with accredited national and international observers. National observers shall be accredited by the Minister in charge of Territorial Administration. International observers shall be accredited by the Minister in charge of Territorial Administration, after the opinion of the Minister in charge of External Relations. The Minister in charge of Territorial Administration, in consultation with Elections Cameroon, shall establish the Code of Conduct of election observers. (Section 296).

E)  Proclamation of Election Results and Oath Taking or Assumption of Duty

The authorities competent to proclaim election results differ from one election to the other, though generally, election results are announced at each polling station after vote counting. (Section 113). Any objections raised by electors at the time of vote counting shall be decided upon by the Local Polling Commission and shall be recorded in the report. (Section 114).

The results of the poll shall forthwith be entered into a report. Such report, which shall be made in as many copies as there are members plus two (2), shall be closed and signed by all the members. A copy of the report shall be handed to each member of the Local Polling Commission present and having signed it. The Chairperson of the Local Polling Commission shall forward the original copy of the report to the Head of the Council Branch of ELECAM for filing. The said original copy shall be authentic. A copy of the report shall be forwarded, within forty-eight (48) hours following the close of the poll, to the Chairperson of the Divisional Supervisory Commission or to the Chairperson of the Council Supervisory Commission, where necessary. (Section 115).

·        For the Presidential Election

The Constitutional Council shall adopt and proclaim the results of the Presidential election no more than fifteen (15) days of the close of the poll. (Section 137). The election results shall be published according to the procedure of urgency and inserted in the Official Gazette in English and French. (Section 139).

The President-elect shall assume office once he or she takes the oath within fifteen (15) days from the proclamation of the results by the Constitutional Council. (See Section 140).

Five (5) authentic original copies shall be made of the oath-taking, signed by the President of the National Assembly and co-signed by the Presidents of the Senate, the Constitutional Council and the Supreme Court. One (1) of the originals shall be kept at the Secretariat General of the National Assembly, three (3) original copies shall be deposited with and kept as record or minutes of the respective registries of the Senate, the Constitutional Council and the Supreme Court. One (1) original copy shall be handed over to the President of the Republic. (Section 141).

·        For Legislative Elections

The Constitutional Council shall ensure the regularity of the election of Members of Parliament. It shall proclaim the results within a maximum period of twenty (20) days with effect from the date of closure of the polls. The report on the conduct of electoral operations and proclamation of results shall be prepared by the Constitutional Council in four (4) copies. It shall file the original copy and forward the other copies to the Ministry in charge of Territorial Administration, the National Assembly and the Electoral Board. (Section 168).

The term of office of Members of Parliament shall commence on the day of the session held as of right following the election. The National Assembly shall meet as of right in ordinary session on the second (2nd) Tuesday following the proclamation of results of the election of Members of Parliament by the Constitutional Council. (Section 148(4),(5)).

·        For Municipal Elections

The Council Supervisory Commission shall proclaim the results of Municipal elections in the electoral constituency concerned within seventy two (72) hours following the close of the polls. The proceedings of the Council Supervisory Commission shall be minuted in a report signed by all Commission Members present. Each signatory member shall receive a copy. A copy of the said report shall be forwarded to the Senior Divisional Officer of the jurisdiction for onward transmission to the Minister in charge of local and regional authorities. Another copy shall be sent to the Directorate General of Elections. (Section 193).

The term of office of Municipal Councillors shall commence on the day of the first session held as of right following the proclamation of the results of the election. The said session shall hold on the second (2nd) Tuesday following the proclamation of results. (Section 169(4)).

·        For Referendums

The Constitutional Council shall proclaim referendum results within fifteen (15) days following the date of closure of the poll. It shall prepare a report on the results in two (2) copies, file the original and forward the other copy to the President of the Republic. (Section 212).

The referendum bill shall be adopted where, at the end of the referendum, “YES” carries the majority of the valid votes cast. The President of the Republic shall enact the law adopted within fifteen (15) days following the transmission of the results proclamation report. (Section 213).

·        For Senatorial Elections

The Constitutional Council shall proclaim the results of the election of Senators within fifteen (15) days following the close of the poll. The report on the conduct of elections and proclamation of results shall be prepared by the Constitution Council in four (4) copies. It shall file the original and send the three (3) other copies to the Senate, the Ministry in charge of local and regional authorities and the Electoral Board, respectively. The results of the election shall be published according to the procedure of urgency and inserted in the Official Gazette in English and French. (Section 240). The Presidential Decree appointing thirty (30) of the one hundred (100) Senators shall be published within ten (10) days following the proclamation of election results by the Constitutional Council. (Section 215(3)).

The term of Senators shall commence on the day of the ordinary session following the election, being the expiry date of the term of the incumbent Senators. The Senate shall meet as of right in ordinary session on the third (3rd) Tuesday following the proclamation of the results of Senatorial elections by the Constitutional Council. (Section 215 (1),(2)).

·        For Regional Elections

The Regional Supervisory Commission shall proclaim the results of the election of Regional Councillors at the level of the constituency concerned, within seventy-two 72) hours following the close of the poll. The proceedings of the Regional Supervisory Commission shall be minuted in a report established in several copies according to the lists of candidates plus two (2) signed by all the members present. Each signatory member shall be given a copy. A copy of the report shall be forwarded to the representative of the Regional State Representative for onward transmission to the Minister in charge of local regional authorities. A copy of the report shall equally be forwarded to the Directorate General of Elections (Section 265).

Elected Regional Councillors shall meet as of right in ordinary session of the Regional Council on the second (2nd) Tuesday following the proclamation of election results by the Regional Supervisory Commissions. (Section 244).

F)  Gender Component

The new Electoral Code has taken into consideration the gender component in the nomination of candidatures for four (4) types of election: legislative, municipal, senatorial and regional elections.

·        For Legislative Elections

Section 151(3) provides:

“Each list shall take into consideration the various sociological components of the constituency concerned. It shall also take into consideration gender aspects”.

Section 164(4)(f) further provides:

“The nomination paper shall contain the following particulars:

(f) evidence of consideration of gender in drawing up the list”.

·        For Municipal Elections

        Section 181(2) states:

        “The nomination paper shall contain the following particulars:

        (f) evidence of consideration of gender aspects in drawing up the list”.

·        For Senatorial Elections

Section 218(3) enacts: 

“The composition of each list must reflect: 

-      the various sociological components of the Region;

-      gender aspects”. 

Section 231 further enacts: 

“The nomination of candidates for the election of Senators shall be conducted pursuant to Sections 164 and 167 of this law”. 

·        For Regional Elections

Section 246(1) stipulates: 

“The Regional Council shall reflect:

-      the various sociological components of the region;

-      gender aspects”. 

Section 257 further stipulates: 

“The provisions of Sections 181 and 190 … shall be applicable to the nomination of candidates in view of the election of Regional Councillors, subject to the replacement of the Council Branch by the Divisional Branch of Elections Cameroon”. 

Mention must also be made of Section 246(2) which provides:

        “The number, proportion per category and allowances of Regional Councillors shall be fixed by a separate law”.

These provisions are buttressed by those of Section 298:

        “The implementation arrangements of this law shall be specified, as necessary, by regulatory instruments”.

G) Electoral Offences

Electoral fraud, corruption and violence are all electoral offences which infringe Sections 288 and 289 of the new Electoral Code, punishable under Sections 122 and 123 of the Penal Code. Such electoral offences include, inter alia, the following:

-      registration by false identity;

-      registration by the use of fraudulent documents;

-      multiple registration and multiple voting;

-      violation of the secrecy of the poll;

-      modification of election results;

-      stealing of ballot boxes;

-      stuffing of ballot boxes;

-      striking off the name of a duly registered elector from the electoral register;

-      using personal data contained in the electoral register for purposes other than elections;

-      disrupting or obstructing election operations through violence, assault, threats, menacing gatherings, clamours or demonstrations;

-      buying of votes. 

Section 290 also punishes any person who enters a polling station with a visible or hidden weapon, while Section 291 forbids any activity or manifestation of a political character within public establishments, as well as in school and university establishments.

H)         Appointment of Scrutineers and Replacement of Absent Representatives of Candidates or Political Parties 

During vote counting, the Chairperson of the Local Polling Commission shall appoint four (4) electors from among electors registered on the electoral register of the polling station to serve as scrutineers. (Section 55) 

Where one or more representatives of candidates, lists of candidtates or political parties is/are absent at the opening of the poll, the Chairperson of the Local Polling Commission must, by decision recorded in the report, fill up such vacancies in the Commission by appointing electors whose names feature in the electoral register of the polling station and who can read and write English or French. (Section 56) 

But in the old Electoral Code, scrutineers were appointed by Candidates or lists of candidates. (Section 16 of the Law on Presidential Election, Section 31(3) of the Law on Legislative Election). 

Also, in the old Code, each representative of the political party had an alternate to replace him in case of his absence. The alternate was chosen from among the political parties standing elections that did not have substantive representatives. (See Section 13(2) of the Law on Municipal Election). 

With regard to Revision Commissions, the new Electoral Code provides that the Sub-Divisional Officer, the Mayor and each Political Party must, within at least fifteen (15) days before the revision of the electoral register commences, notify the Council Branch of Elections Cameroon of the names of their representatives appointed to sit on the Commission. (Section 52(3)) 

Where a political party fails to appoint a representative in good time, the Head of the Council Branch of ELECAM may, after a formal notice remains unheeded, appoint a civil society personality to the Commission. (Section 52(4)) 

Where the Mayor fails to appoint a representative in good time, the Head of the Council Branch of ELECAM shall, after a formal notice remains unheeded, refer the matter to the Senior Divisional Officer who shall appoint a Council Official to sit on the Commission as the representative of the Council.

 

fold faq

What is electoral register recompilation ?

According to the law, electoral registers are permanent and are revised on yearly basis across the national territory. Actually, year after year, the same electoral registers are updated and filed at the level of ELECAM Council Branches pending the conduct of an election.

After undergoing several revision operations, such registers may become less credible due, for instance, to deceased persons not declared or changes of residence not reported. Certain registers may also sustain all sorts of damages, rendering them difficult to use.

In this respect, the Electoral Code provides, in its Section 75 (1), that the Director General of Elections may, after obtaining the assent of the Electoral Board, order by decision, a thorough recompilation of electoral registers at the time of annual revision.

As laid down under Section 76 (1), recompilation involves the drawing up of entirely new electoral registers. Thus, the existing electoral registers, now less credible, are cast aside and every citizen who satisfies the qualification of electors may get registered all over again.

In this way, the recompilation of electoral registers enables the drawing up of a new electoral roll that is more credible and reflects the current state of the national electorate. 

fold faq

What is biometrics ?

A mathematical analysis of the biological characteristics of a person, destined to determine his/her identity beyond reasonable doubt. Biometrics is based on the principle of recognition of physical characteristics. Fingerprints and the range of patterns generally sought by biometrics, notably from the iris, the retina and the palm, including voice prints, provide undeniable proof of the identity of a person since they constitute matchless biological characteristics that distinguish one person from another and may only be associated to a particular person. 

A biometric system is therefore an automated measurement system, based on the recognition of the physical or personal behavioural characteristics of an individual. These characteristics must be universal, unique, permanent, capturable and measurable. The goal of a biometric system is verification and authentication (for eligibility to an access or services), identification or even the encryption of data using a biometric key.

Follow us

CHECK YOUR REGISTRATION

VERIFIEZ VOTRE INSCRIPTION